Sector goal

The Production and Marketing Sector aims at improving the quality of life of the people of through increased production and enhancement of the market environment.  It comprises of the following departments:

  1. Agriculture

  2. Fisheries

  3. Veterinary

  4. Entomology

  5. Trade and Industry

Basic Statistics for Production Sector in Sembabule District

  1. Number of Farming Households - 39,334

  2. Rural Population - 97.8%

  3. Commercial Farmers - 13.8%

  4. Subsistence Farmers - 86.2%

  5. Rainfall - 750 – 1200mm

  6. Average land holding - 6.2 Hectares / Household

  7. Arable Land - 2000 km2

  8. Subsistence Farmlands - 72,483 Ha

  9. Commercial Farmlands - 7000 Ha

  10. Public Valley dams - 07

  11. Public Valley Tanks - 35

  12. Communal Dips - (90%Non–functional)

  13. Private Dip Tanks - 20

  14. Private Ranches - 50 (200 Acres and above)

  15. Estimated Open Water Average - 77 Ha

  16. Forests and Wild Land Average - 15,890 Ha

  17. Plantations - 91 Ha

  18. Wild Land - 15,749 Ha

  19. Forest Reserves - 23,316 Ha

  20. Wetlands - 3,600 Ha

  21. Bush land - 59,639 Ha

  22. Grass - 85,211 Ha

Crop Agriculture Sub-Sector

  1. Agriculture is the predominant economic activity and source of livelihood in Sembabule District.

  2. The major crops in the District are maize, beans, ground nuts, coffee and bananas, with limited involvement in fruit growing due to adverse climatic change effects that are facing the district.

Major Crop Diseases / Pests

  1. Banana Weevils

  2. Coffee Wilt Disease

  3. Cassava Mosaic Virus

  4. Banana bacterial wilt.

  5. Cassava rots disease

Livestock

  1. Up to 70% of the population is engaged in livestock production majorly cattle Beef, Goat, Poultry Production and Piggery

  2. Major Livestock Diseases include foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Brucellosis in Cattle and Goats, Helminthiasis and New castle Disease in Poultry (NCD)

Fisheries

This is one of the least developed sectors in the district due to the fact that the district is devoid of open waters. This scenario is compounded by the culture of most of the cattle keepers who believe that fish can lead to cattle mortality. Further the high temperatures in the district have led severe difficulties in this sector. Notwithstanding this adverse reality, the following developments are noticeable.

Entomology

While this sector has a big effect on animal husbandry and crop farming, it is one of the least focused sectors in the district to the extent that there is no staff in the department on addition to lack of an entomology centre. To that effect, there is very little information about this sector although it can be noticed that pests have become very resistant to most of the interventions.  

Trade and Industry

Key achievements

  1. 8 Cooperative Organizations registered

  2. 220 traders registered and licensed

  3. 17 markets are operational, though occasionally closed due to Livestock diseases

Key challenges include;

Inadequate supervising of credit societies, very limits flow of market information to farmers, lack of financial services in the district mainly commercial banks and a dormant tourism sector in the district in spite of having tourism sites (Bigobyamugenyi, Equator and Ramsar sites.

Proposed Strategies to Address Challenge

  1. Training and sensitization on environmental and sustainable land management

  2. Establish on farm demonstrations on sustainable land management.

  3. Promote post-harvest storage facilities

  4. Promote agro forestry and tree planting

  5. Provision of water for livestock production

  6. Provide early warning information and relief to disaster stricken communities